Cuban dating culture
The M26J flag commemorates Castro's attack on the army barracks at Moncada and served as a symbol of resistance to the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista and the imperialism of the United States, which openly supported him.Afrocuban music and dance were also appropriated as symbols of the nation beginning in 1898, when the United States invaded the island, and especially after the triumph of the Revolution in 1959. The Cuban nation has arisen from a history of colonial and imperial domination.The Pre-Columbian population was about 112,000, consisting mostly of Arawak (Taino and Sub-Taino) in the central and eastern region and a few Ciboneys (also called Guanahacabibes) who had fled the advance of the Arawak and moved west to Pinar del Rio.Indigenous lands were quickly distributed to European conquistadors and gold prospectors, and indigenous persons were enslaved and given to Europeans for use in mining and agricultural projects (a system called the encomienda ). Malnutrition, overwork, suicide, and brutality made the indigenous population virtually extinct within fifty years of the conquest.The second largest city is Santiago de Cuba in the province of Oriente, where the Roman Catholic archbishopric was established in the colonial era.Although Santiago sometimes is called the "second capital," the economic importance of the port of Havana has given it a hugely disproportionate role in the definition of the national culture. Recent population estimates range from 11.06 million to 11.17 million.Their privileged status as colonizers depended on the maintenance of colonial structures; thus, their loyalty was to Spain even if they were lifelong residents of the colony.Peninsulares had an almost exclusive claim to administrative (governmental) offices and ecclesiastical appointments and a near monopoly on much trade with Spain and other nations.
The area of the country is 48,800 square miles (110,860 square kilometers).
The national anthem was composed at the start of the first war for independence, the Ten Years War (1868-1878).
It is a call to arms that evokes the image of the peasants of the town of Bayamo in the eastern heartland. It has a white star imposed on a red triangle, modeled on the triangular symbol of the Masonic lodges in which the struggle against Spain was organized.
Thus, it is there that Afrocuban art, religion, and music were most strongly expressed and the cultural movement "afrocubanismo" began. Languages spoken by the indigenous population are extinct.
French was spoken for a short time by slave-holding European refugees from the 1791 Haitian revolution but this has since died out. The three major symbols of national identity have arisen from the three struggles for independence.